Algeria

Algeria

Official title:

People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

 

 

 

 

 

General information:

Capital: Algiers

Population: 39,524,166 (July 2015 est.)

Total area: 2,381,741 km2

Currency: Algerian dinar (DZD)

National holiday: Revolution Day, 1st November (1954)

Official language: Arabic

Other languages: Berber dialects (constitutionally national), French (lingua franca)

Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber (99%), European (1%)[1]

 

Type of government:

Unitary semi-presidential republic

Diplomatic and consular representative: H. E. Mr Abdelkader Dehendi (Budapest) 

 

Economy:

GDP (nominal): $213.5 billion (2015 est.)

GDP (nominal) per capital: $5,406 (2015 est.)

GDP (PPP): $548,6 billion (2015 est.)

GDP (PPP) per capita: $13,888 (2015 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate): $213.5 billion (2015 est.)

GDP (real growth rate): 3.8% (2015 est.)

 

GDP per sector:

  • Agriculture 10%
  • Industry 47,1%
  • Services 42,9% (2014 est.)

 

Agriculture products: wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits, sheep, cattle

Main industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing

 

Trade - Export

Exported commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, propan

Main export partners:

  • Spain 15,16%
  • Italy 13,18%
  • United Kingdom 8,78%
  • France 11,05%
  • Netherlands 8,11%
  • US 7,9% (2014 est.)

 

Trade - Import

Imported commodities: capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods, automobiles, medicaments

Main import partners:

  • China 14,06%
  • France 10,81%
  • Italy 8,6%
  • Spain 8,58%
  • Germany 6,49% (2014 est.)

 

Sources:

World Bank - WITS. 2014. Algeria. Available at: http://wits.worldbank.org/CountryProfile/en/Country/DZA/Year/2014/Summary (February 4th 2016).

 

World Bank. 2015. Data by country: Algeria. Available at: http://data.worldbank.org/country/algeria (February 4th 2016).

 

Central Intelligence Agency. 2016. The World Factbook: Algeria. Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ag.html (February 4th 2016).

 

 


[1] Although almost all Algerians are Berber in origin (not Arab), only a minority identify themselves as Berber, about 15% of the total population; these people live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools.