Official title:

United Republic of Tanzania


General information:
Capital: Dodoma
Population: 51,045,882 (July 2015 est.)
Total area: 947,303 km2
Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
National holiday: Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26th April (1964)
Official language: Swahili and English


Type of government:
Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Diplomatic and consular representative: H. E. Mr Salvator Marcus Mbilinyi (Italy – Rome)


GDP (PPP): $128,2 billion (2015 est.)
GDP (PPP) per capita: $2700 (2015 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $48,09 billion (2014 est.)
GDP (real growth rate): 7,2% (2016 est.)

GDP per sector:
• Agriculture 26,5%
• Industry 25,6%
• Services 47,3% (2014)

Agriculture products: coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (manioc, tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables, cattle, sheep, goats
Main industries: agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); mining (diamonds, gold, and iron), salt, soda ash, cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, fertilizer


Trade - Export
Exported commodities: gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton
Main export partners:
• India 21%
• China 9,9%
• Japan 5,3%
• Germany 4,7% (2014 est.)


Trade - Import
Imported commodities: consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil
Main import partners:
• China 27,6%
• India 24,5%
• South Africa 8,6%
• Switzerland 8,8%
• United Arab Emirates 8,4% (2014 est.)


African Economic Outlook. 2015. Tanzania. Available at: http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/fileadmin/uploads/aeo/2015/CN_data/CN_Long_EN/Tanzania_GB_2015.pdf (February 11th 2016).


Central Intelligence Agency. 2015. The World Factbook: Tanzania. Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tz.html (February 11th 2016).