Official title:

People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria






General information:

Capital: Algiers

Population: 45.5 milion people (as of 2021)

Total area: 2,3 million km2

Currency: Algerian dinar (DZD)

National holiday: Independence Day 5th July (1962), Revolution Day, 1st November (1954)

Official language: Arabic

Other languages: Berber dialects (constitutionally national), French (lingua franca)

Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber (99%), European (1%)[1]


Type of government:

Unitary semi-presidential republic

Diplomatic and consular representative: Mr Kader YAHIA, Second Counsellor, Chargé d' Affaires a.i. (Budapest) 



GDP (nominal): $175.9 billion (2021 est.)

GDP (nominal) per capital: $3.885 (2021 est.)

GDP (PPP): $698.7 billion (2021 est.)

GDP (PPP) per capita: $15.411 (2021 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate): $155.3 billion (2021 est.)

GDP (real growth rate): 3.9% (2021 est.)


GDP per sector:

  • Agriculture 12,2%
  • Industry 38,6%
  • Services 49,2% (2021 est.)


Agriculture products: wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, figs, dates meat, dairy products.

Main industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries (such as food processing, textiles and leather goods), cement, fertilizers, metals and metal processing, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, constructuion materials.


Trade - Export

Exported commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, fertilizers, iron and steel, non-ferric metals, phosphates, textiless, vegetables.

Main export partners:

  • Italy (17,7% of total exports)
  • Spain (14,4%)
  • France(11,8%)
  • Turkey (7,4%)
  • Netherlands 4,8%
  • United Kingdom 4,4%
  • United States 4,3%
  • China 3,3%
  • Germany 3,2%
  • Brazil 2.4% (2020 est.)


Trade - Import

Imported commodities: capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods, industrial goods, semi-finished goods, fuel and lubricants.

Main import partners:

  • China 17,5% of total imports
  • France 11,7%
  • Italy 10,2%
  • Spain 7,5%
  • Turkey 5,5%
  • Germany 5,1%
  • United States 4,9%
  • Russia 4,4%
  • Brazil 3,4%
  • South Korea 3,3%(2020 est.)




Central Intelligence Agency. 2023. The World Factbook: Algeria. Available at: (February 10th 2023).



[1] Although almost all Algerians are Berber in origin (not Arab), only a minority identify themselves as Berber, about 15% of the total population; these people live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools. 


International Center for Promotion of Enterprises - ICPE
Grajska cesta 1,1234 Mengeš, Slovenia

Ph.: +386 1 568 23 31
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.