Democratic Republic of the Congo










Official title:

Democratic Republic of the Congo


General information:
Capital: Kinshasa
Population: 105,130,171 (July 2021 est.)
Total area: 2,345,409 km2
Currency: Congolese franc (CDF)
National holiday: Independence Day, 30th June (1960)
Official language: French
Recognized regional languages: Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba


Type of government:
Semi-presidential republic
Diplomatic and consular representative: H.E. Mr. Fidèle Khakessa Sambassi (Italy – Rome)


GDP (nominal): $47,17 billion (2020 est.)
GDP (nominal) per capita: $482,26 (2020 est.)
GDP (PPP): $103,33 billion (2020 est.)
GDP (PPP) per capita: $103,33 billion (2020 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $14,07 billion (2020 est.)
GDP (real growth rate): -0,9% (2020 est.)
GDP per sector:
• Agriculture 22,2%
• Industry 37,8%
• Services 42% (2017 est.)

Agriculture products: coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, cotton, cocoa, quinine, cassava (manioc), bananas, plantains, peanuts, root crops, corn, fruits, wood products
Main industries: mining (copper, cobalt, gold, diamonds, coltan, zinc, tin, tungsten), mineral processing, consumer products (textiles, plastics, footwear, cigarettes), metal products, processed foods and beverages, timber, cement, commercial ship repair


Trade - Export
Exported commodities: gold, diamonds, copper, cobalt, zinc, tin, tungsten, crude oil, wood products, coffee
Main export partners:
• China 39,3%
• Zambia 24,7%
• EU 28 19,8%
• South Korea 3,6%
• Turkey 2,7%


Trade - Import
Imported commodities: machinery, transportation equipment, fuel, food
Main import partners:
• China 19,6%
• South Africa 17,9%
• EU 28 17,5%
• Zambia 15,9%
• Zimbabwe 4,9% (2014)



Central Intelligence Agency. 2015. The World Factbook: The Democratic Republic of Congo. Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cg.html (February 9th 2020).


European Commission – Directorate-General for Trade. 2015. EU, Trade in goods with Congo (Democratic Rep). Available at: http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2011/january/tradoc_147251.pdf (February 9th 2016).


World Trade Organization. 2015. Statistics Database: Democratic Republic of Congo. Available at: http://stat.wto.org/CountryProfile/WSDBCountryPFView.aspx?Language=E&Country=CD (Feburary 9th 2016).


World Trade Organization. 2015. Trade Profiles Report. Available at: https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/booksp_e/trade_profiles15_e.pdf (Feburary 9th 2016).


International Center for Promotion of Enterprises - ICPE
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