North Macedonia

North Macedonia








Official title:

Republic of North Macedonia


General information:
Capital: Skopje
Population: 1,977,715 (July 2022 est.)
Total area: 25,713 km2
Currency: Macedonian denar (MKD)
National holiday: Independence Day, 8th September (1991)
Official language: Macedonian
Recognized regional languages: Albanian, Turkish, Romani, and Serbian


Type of government:
Parliamentary republic
Diplomatic and consular representative: H. E. Ms Suzana Zelenkovska



GDP (nominal): $13,48 billion (2021 est.)
GDP (nominal) per capita: $6,787 (2021 est.)
GDP (PPP): $34,37 billion (2021 est.)
GDP (PPP) per capita: $17,285 (2021 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $13,48 billion (2021 est.)
GDP (real growth rate): 7% (2021 est.)

GDP per sector:
• Agriculture 10,4%
• Industry 26,4%
• Services 63,2% (2017)

Agriculture products: grapes, tobacco, vegetables, fruits, milk, eggs
Main industries: food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, iron, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals


Trade - Export
Exported commodities: food, beverages, tobacco; textiles, miscellaneous manufactures, iron, steel, automotive parts
Main export partners:

Germany 220,6%


Bulgaria 9,5%

Italy 8,5%

Kosovo 7,1%

Greece 5,9%

United States 4,3%


Trade - Import
Imported commodities: machinery and equipment, automobiles, chemicals, fuels, food products
Main import partners:

Germany 13,6%

Greece 13,1%

Bulgaria 10,4%

China 8,5%

Turkey 7,5%

Italy 5,8%

Serbia 4,9%


Central Intelligence Agency. 2019. The World Factbook: Macedonia. Available at: (February 10th 2021).


European Commission – Directorate-General for Trade. 2015. EU, Trade in goods with Former Jugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Available at: (February 10th 2019).


World Bank Group. 2020. A World Bank Group Flagship Report – Doing Business 2016: Economy Profile, Macedonia, FYR. Available at: (February 10th 2020).


International Center for Promotion of Enterprises - ICPE
Dunajska 104, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Ph.: +386 1 568 23 31
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