Official title:

United Republic of Tanzania


General information:
Capital: Dodoma
Population: 61,498,437 (July 2021 est.)
Total area: 947,300 km2
Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
National holiday: Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26th April (1964)
Official language: Swahili and English


Type of government:
Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Diplomatic and consular representative: H. E. Mr Mahmoud Thabit Kombo (Italy – Rome)


GDP (PPP): $192,9 billion (2020 est.)
GDP (PPP) per capita: $3,124 (2020 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $60,96 billion (2020 est.)
GDP (real growth rate): 4,8% (2020 est.)

GDP per sector:
• Agriculture 24,8%
• Industry 28,3%
• Services 47% (2020)

Agriculture products: coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (manioc, tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables, cattle, sheep, goats
Main industries: agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); mining (diamonds, gold, and iron), salt, soda ash, cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, fertilizer


Trade - Export
Exported commodities: gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton
Main export partners:

India 16,1%

China 13,9%

South Africa 8,2%

Kenya 7,1%

United Arab Emirates 5,8%

Switzerland 5,3%

Belgium 4,8% (2014 est.)


Trade - Import
Imported commodities: consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil
Main import partners:

China 26,8%

India 14,4%

United Arab Emirates 8,7%

South Africa 5,
• China 27,6%
• India 24,5%
• South Africa 8,6%
• Switzerland 8,8%
• United Arab Emirates 8,4% (2019 est.)


African Economic Outlook. 2020. Tanzania. Available at: http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/fileadmin/uploads/aeo/2015/CN_data/CN_Long_EN/Tanzania_GB_2015.pdf (February 11th 2020).


Central Intelligence Agency. 2015. The World Factbook: Tanzania. Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tz.html (February 10th 2020).



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